Welcome to 1764 !
Meet Kaya, her family, and her tribe, the Nez Perce. Walk through the forests and streams and gallop across the fields on a beautiful Appaloosa. Learn all about Native American families, their homes, the foods they enjoyed, their work, and their beautiful art through the eyes of a girl just about your age! Go back in time and sit by a fire as you hear explorers Lewis and Clark tell of their adventures and amazing discoveries along the way!
History doesn’t have to be boring !
I hope you will really love this unit.
Don’t forget there are lots of fun projects (crafts, cooking, building, ect…) that you can do to learn even more about the Nez Perce and other Native American tribes !
Check out all the ideas throughout this unit and also on Kaya’s Pinterest Page .
You can find suggestions for some great books for extra reading and information
here —> Kaya’s Extras Pinterest Page.
Have Fun !
*Native America Unit Study Core Reading-
*Week 1: “Welcome to Kaya’s World 1764”
Introduction to Kaya & The Nez Perce
- You Tube Video intro to Kaya (Meet Kaya)
- “Welcome to Kaya’s World 1764”- p. 2-5 (Kaya’s World)
- “Welcome to Kaya’s World 1764”- p. 6-7 (Horse People)
- “Welcome to Kaya’s World 1764”- p. 44-45 (Friends & Enemies)
- “Welcome to Kaya’s World 1764”- p. 20-21 (A Dangerous World)
* Week 2: “Welcome to Kaya’s World 1764”
A Day With Kaya
- “Welcome to Kaya’s World 1764”- p. 12-13, p.24-25 (Family)
- “Welcome to Kaya’s World 1764”- p. 26-31 (Dress)
- “Welcome to Kaya’s World 1764”- p. 8-11, p. 40-41 (Houses & Food)
- “Welcome to Kaya’s World 1764”- p. 14-17, p. 34-35 (Work & Play)
- “Welcome to Kaya’s World 1764”- p. 18-19, p. 32-33 (Art & Music)
* Week 3: “Welcome to Kaya’s World 1764”
Native American History: People & Places
- “Welcome to Kaya’s World 1764”- p. 47 (Lewis & Clark)
- “Welcome to Kaya’s World 1764”- p. 48-49 (Henry & Eliza Spalding)
- “Welcome to Kaya’s World 1764”- p. 50-51 (The Nez Perce War)
- “Welcome to Kaya’s World 1764”- p. 51 (inset) (Chief Joseph)
- “Welcome to Kaya’s World 1764”- p. 52-55, p.58 (The Nez Perce Today)
*There are some links to products on Amazon in this unit. They are NOT required, but would make great supplements to the section of the unit as noted. You may be able to find them in your local library as well. It would be AWESOME if you decide to purchase any of the books (or anything from Amazon), if you could do it by clicking one of my links…there is NO extra charge to you & I get a small portion of the sale which helps keep everything on this blog FREE !! Thank you so much friends !
*Week by Week Reading & Videos-
*Week 1: Kaya and the Nez Perce
* American Girl Kaya Series, Book 1, “Meet Kaya”
I have included the first 3 of 6 books in the Kaya series as suggested reading (no part of the unit is dependent on these books however). You might like to read more or less each week depending on your child’s level and interests. There are also lots of excellent historical fiction and activity books that pair well with this unit. You can find my favorites
–> HERE or –> HERE
* Day 1- Meet Kaya & The Nez Perce
*NOTE: Just a reminder that the Nez Perce were a very spiritual people. Their stories and lives reflect this. Please preview all sites and use at your discretion.
* Meet Kaya
– https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aNScCCLIsvQ (YouTube video-3min)
* The Nez Perce
*Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest (YouTube about 14 minutes)
* Day 2- Kaya’s World
* “Welcome to Kaya’s World 1764”– p. 2-5
*Short but very good introduction to the Nez Perce Indians and their world both past and present ! https://youtu.be/3OZrQf-BLIE
* You Tube video “Landscape Of History: The Nez Perce” from The USDA Forest
*Coyote’s Fishnet and the Heart of the Monster
– https://www.nps.gov/nepe/index.htm (virtual online field trip )
– https://www.nps.gov/media/photo/gallery.htm?id=ED65753F-155D-4519-3E858B5E2269B1EC (Photo Gallery of sites)
* Day 3- Nez Perce- The Horse People
* “Welcome to Kaya’s World 1764”- p. 6-7
* The Nez Perce & their horses
* The Appaloosa
– https://www.safaribooksonline.com/library/view/learn-to-draw/9781560108627/xhtml/ch20.html (Fun How to draw an appaloosa!)
–http://www.supercoloring.com/pages/appaloosa-horse (Appaloosa coloring page)
– https://www.scribd.com/collections/2618989/Horse-Lapbook-Notebook (HorseLapbook)
*Lots of links to read more online & free notebooking pages from this fun site Stacy Sews and Schools:
* Day 4- Friends and Enemies
* “Welcome to Kaya’s World 1764”- p. 44-45
+ The Yakima
+ The Salish
+ The Shoshones
+ The Blackfeet
* Day 5- A Dangerous World
*“Welcome to Kaya’s World 1764”- p. 20-21
+ Mountain Lions
*Week 2: A Day With Kaya
* American Girl Kaya Series, Book 2, “Kaya’s Escape”
* Day 1- Family
* “Welcome to Kaya’s World 1764”- p. 12-13, p.24-25
* Day 2- Clothing
* “Welcome to Kaya’s World 1764”- p. 26-31
* Day 3- Houses & Food
* “Welcome to Kaya’s World 1764”- p. 8-11, p. 40-41
– One homeschool family’s ideas (lots of nice pictures) –
* Day 4- Work & Play
* “Welcome to Kaya’s World 1764”- p. 14-17, p. 34-35
* Day 5- Art & Music
* “Welcome to Kaya’s World 1764”- p. 18-19, p. 32-33
+ Totem Poles
+ Quill Work
+ The Flute & The Nez Perce
+ A Nez Perce Tribal Dance-
*Week 3: Native America- People & Places
* American Girl Kaya Series, Book 3, “Kaya’s Hero”
* Day 1- Lewis & Clark
* “Welcome to Kaya’s World 1764”- p. 47
+ The site below has lots & lots of links to follow Lewis & Clark’s travels!
+ Online web quests & other fun learning activities
– http://www.nationalgeographic.com/west/ (super fun interactive game)
– http://mrnussbaum.com/westward-expansion-printables/ (printable worksheets)
+ MORE resources in case you’d like to spend some extra time on this exciting topic !
(free lap book)
* Day 2- Missionaries, Henry & Eliza Spalding
* “Welcome to Kaya’s World 1764”- p. 48-49
+ The Spalding’s had a very difficult time learning the Nez Perce language.
Want to give it a try yourself?
* Day 3- The Nez Perce War
* “Welcome to Kaya’s World 1764”- p. 50-51
+ You Tube Video by the US Forest Service- The Nez Perce National Historic
Trail. This video will really touch on all our topics this week.
Might be a little dry for younger children. 🙂
+ Poster of Leaders during the Flight of 1877
* Day 4- Chief Joseph & the Nez Perce
* “Welcome to Kaya’s World 1764”- p. 51 (inset)
* Day 5- The Nez Perce Today
* “Welcome to Kaya’s World 1764”- p. 52-55, p. 58
+ Collection of photos of life on the reservation today
**Some further reading for mom/dad/teens for a more in depth look at the Nez Perce Tribe.
There are some nice pictures you may want to use in teaching this unit also.
*Reading Comprehension Ideas:
*This lovely homeschooling blog, A Pinch of Everything, has traditional Q & A’s
*The American Girl website has some nice worksheets-
* Keep a running list in a notebook of important people, important places,
important events, and important ideas. Use these lists later for writing
prompts, lapbooking, creating a timeline, etc…
* Create a notebook, lapbook, scrapbook, folder, etc…to show what you’re learning.
This is a fantastic way for the kids to articulate creatively what they have
Need some inspiration?
* Find whatever outlet that excites your kids!
I found this video on You Tube made by an AG fan, a great way to show
what you know. 🙂
* Be sure to scroll down to the bottom of this unit to see a list
of some of the fun crafts, cooking activities, & other creative ideas!
*Language Arts/Grammar Ideas-
* You may choose to use your regular grammar lessons, add just a few of these ideas in, or follow the all the ideas below. Isn’t homeschooling wonderful sometimes?
* Choose a list of words from the daily reading that suits your needs
*It might also be fun to include some words that we use today that have
origins in Native American words (ex. moccasin)
*Or you can use my lists that are taken from each week’s core reading.
If your child is old enough to be proficient in using a computer, it might
be a fun activity to include copy & pasted images along with some of the
particularly foreign words. (ex. petroglyph, butte, etc…)
1. legend 2. Butte 3. peak 4. canyon 5. petroglyph
6. expedition 7. Appaloosa 8. allies 9. ancestors 10. raid
1. lodge 2. awl 3. buckskin 4. sinew 5. elder
6. quill 7. sacred 8. parfleches 9. serenade 10. hides
1. scout 2. journal 3. missionary 4. treaty 5. raid
6. memorial 7. surrender 8. exile 9. chief 10. reservation
*Copy Work/Narration ideas-
* Choose a favorite passage from the reading to copy
* Use some of the Scripture verses if you are using the Bible section
* Poetry related to study (I have included some below related to the theme of each week’s study)
* Try the poem “Indian Children”, by Annette Wynne- https://www.poetrynook.com/poem/indian-children
* This week’s Scripture verses-
* Genesis 2:7
* “The Flower Fed Buffaloes” by Vachel Lindsay
* This week’s Scripture verses-
*1 Peter 1:3-5
* 1 John 5:4-5
* Hebrews 4:16
* Psalm 21
* 1 John 3:1-24
* “Sacajawea”, Robert Beecham
(This is an absolutely lovely resource!)
*You can find some of Chief Joseph’s poignant speeches and statements HERE
You may like to choose one of those, or try a portion or all of Chief Joseph’s famous surrender speech below-
Chief Joseph’s Speech-
“I am tired of fighting. Our chiefs are killed. The old men are all dead. It is the young men who say yes or no. He who led on the young men is dead. It is cold, and we have no blankets; the little children are freezing to death. My people, some of them, have run away to the hills, and have no blankets, no food. No one knows where they are—perhaps freezing to death. I want to have time to look for my children, and see how many of them I can find. Maybe I shall find them among the dead. Hear me, my chiefs! I am tired; my heart is sick and sad. From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever”.
* Here’s a website of very short daily grammar reviews
* You could also choose a sentence, or photocopy a page of the reading.
Depending on what skill you want to emphasize, have your child diagram
a few sentences, or find all the verbs, nouns, etc…, or whatever skill needs
*Week 1: Creation Stories
*The reading this week included many Nez Perce stories, including their creation story. Here are some videos, Scriptures, talk & think kind of discussion starters, and even some coloring pages for any “littles” who might be listening in, or for use in your notebooks or lapbooks.
*Cool You Tube video, like a story-telling of the Biblical creation story (not animated)-
There are tons of good videos appropriate for all ages… though I have to say I did find a few rather odd ones too!
+This is my favorite resource for free online Bible coloring pages. Complete OT & NT pages!
* Scripture ideas to think & talk about:
-Romans 1:20 – Psalm 19:1-4 -Acts 14:15-17 -Genesis 2:7
+ Why do you think almost every culture has some type of creation story?
+ What are some ways that God reveals Himself through creation?
(Kaya’s people were obviously seeking to explain what they experienced)
+ Compare the Nez Perce’s story of creation to God’s creation of man from the
ground. (see page 4 in Kaya’s World)
* Just for fun! Here is an excerpt from the book of Genesis translated into the
Nez Perce language-
*Week 2: Life & Death
* Read the story “How Bear Helped Nimiipuu” in
‘“Welcome to Kaya’s World 1764”, on pg. 22-23.
* Discuss why this was such a well known & important story to the Nez Perce.
+ The world in which the Nez Perce lived was filled with danger. It doesn’t
take more than watching the evening news to see that though the dangers
are often different today, the world is filled with many problems.
+ What hope in both life & death do we have as Christians ?
* Scripture Ideas-
– 1 Peter 1:3-5 -John 16:33 -1 John 5:4-5 -Hebrews 4:16 -Psalm 21 -1 John 3:1-24
* Watch one of the many short videos of Christ’s life, death & resurrection on You
Tube. There are lots & lots. Some are good, others not so much. Here’s a link
to a general page with lots of links.
* Coloring pages & some worksheets-
*Week 3: What’s in a name ?
* The naming of children was a very important part of life for the
Native Americans. Read the inset again on pg. 13 of “Welcome to Kaya’s World 1764”.
* Discuss the importance of names in the Bible.
You could focus on the names of God…or you could compare how Jesus gave some people new names at a later time in life, just as the Nez Perce gave their children their “most important” names as they reached 12-13 years old.
Also, find out what each of your family member’s names mean. It might make a nice activity to record them in a creative way & add to your lapbook, scrapbook, folder, etc…
Here are some websites to read more about names & some related Scriptures too-
* Scripture Ideas-
+ Acts 13:6-12 (Saul-Paul & Elymas)
+ John 1:42, Luke 6:14 (Simon-Peter)
+ Genesis 35:10 (Jacob-Israel)
+ Here are some sites (a few are complete studies for kids!) for the names of God:
*Week 1: Coyotes Horses
*Week 2: Buffalo/ Salmon
*Week 3: Seasons and the Nez Perce
*Week 1: Coyotes & Horses
* This unit lends itself particularly well to the study of
woodland animals. I have included a couple of animals that have been mentioned in each week’s reading & some links to websites where you will find tons of info!
+Discover & Doing-
+ Coyotes/Wolves Discovery Kids Video-
+ Coloring pages-
+Discover & Doing-
+ Labeling worksheet:
+ You Tube Video of the Nez Perce & their horses!
+ How to draw a horse –
+ Coloring page of Nez Perce on an Appaloosa
*Week 2: Buffalo & Salmon
+Read p. 42-43 in “Welcome to Kaya’s World 1764”
+Discover & Doing-
+ A short video from National Geographic Kids
+ This link is an educational site for the state of South Dakota.
It is packed with lots of good information….printables…activity pages,etc.
and tons about Buffalo!
+ Maps of where the buffalo were & which states they can be found in now.
This would be a fun tie in to add to your mapping in geography.
+ Coloring/Labeling pages
+ Just for fun….How to draw a buffalo !
* Read “Welcome to Kaya’s World 1764”- p. 40-41
*Everything you want to know about Salmon –
– Full Episode (Video)
(The Magic School Bus Goes Upstream!)
+Discover & Doing-
* A entire salmon coloring book with TONS of information. Who knew?!
* A Salmon Tale (Another one…this one is more in a story format for younger children- great!)
* Maybe try a salmon recipe today?
*Week 3: Seasons & the Nez Perce
+ Read p. 36-39 in “Welcome to Kaya’s World 1764”
Using the inset on page 37, see if you can estimate which months coincide
with our calendar months today.
+ You may enjoy reading some of the Native American stories about how
the seasons came to be
+Discover & Doing-
+ Make a chart of the seasons and crops/food sources of the Nez Perce.
You could use a wheel and cut out, color, and paste pictures or drawings
in each section, for example. You could include the animals we have studied
that may have been used for food.
Another idea…make the chart based on what
crops/food sources you eat seasonally in your own part of the world. Maybe
even grow something seasonal. 🙂
+ Names the Native Americans gave to the full moon cycles around seasons
(Both links have about the same information, but the second link includes
pictures- this might be a good/creative activity to chart as well)
+ Here are lots of cute skits & songs about the seasons for the younger kiddos
from Sesame Street:
*Week 1- The Pacific Northwest
*Week 2- Tribes & Travels: The Friends and the Enemies
*Week 3- Lewis & Clark (Cartography)
*Week 1: The Pacific Northwest
(An alternative would be to do a more specific state study
of Idaho, where the majority of Nez Perce live today. Click HERE for a fun
mini unit on the state of Idaho or HERE for a quick list of links to explore! )
Intro to the Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest-
– http://native-american-indian-facts.com/Plateau-American-Indian-Facts/Nez- Perce-Tribe-Facts.shtml
+Use a blank map of the US to label the following-
* The area the Nez Perce inhabited in 1764 (mostly what is now Idaho,
Washington, and Oregon).
* Nez Perce reservation
* The state you live in.
* Geographical points of interest in the reading such as:
-The Bitterroot Mountains
-Heart of Monster landmark in Idaho
-The Snake, Clearwater, and Salmon Rivers
+ Below are two great links to free printable maps
+ This is a link to a general study of Native Americans. There is tons of
information here. If you will scroll down to the bottom of the page you
will find a very clearly made map of many of the NW tribes that are mentioned
in our reading. (Kaya’s World- p. 44-45)
+ Start a diorama.
Each week you can add the things you are studying! This
week, find some pictures online of the Pacific Northwest. What beautiful
country ! Use these in your diorama as the backdrop.
+ Or create a paper mache or clay relief map
*Week 2: Tribes & Travels, Friends & Enemies
*Read p. 44-46 in “Welcome to Kaya’s World 1764”
* Maps & links to the Nez Perce’s “neighbors”, both friends & foes-
* Make a map showing the areas populated by the Nez Perce.
Add the tribes friendly with the Nez Perce, and those who were enemies.
Make a key on the bottom of your map to show the difference between the two.
* Add items studied this week to your diorama-
– http://susankae.com/free_resources.htm (printable models of longhouses, etc)
*Week 3: Lewis & Clark
*Reading & Mapping-
* Another quick overview of the topic & some great printable maps to use along
with this week’s reading.
* Lewis & Clark were cartographers. Discuss what a cartographer is. Look online
at some of the maps they created from what they experienced on their journey.
Try your own map making activity. Below are a few ideas.
*Add to & finish up your diorama-
+ Here are some links to coloring pages you might like to use-
* Super fun interactive journey along with Lewis & Clark from Scholastic !
– The Journey Begins
– Thomas Jefferson
– Louisiana Purchase
– What to pack?
– Make a specimen box
– Meet the team
*Crafts, Cooking, & Creative Ideas-
(Scroll to bottom for a list of suggested books, kits, etc…)
* Here is a link to several very nice free printable coloring books. These might
also be good to use as cut outs for paper dolls, backgrounds for the diorama, etc…
* Brief & entertaining intro to speaking the Nez Perce language.
* A little bit of everything we studied this week-
* Create Beads & Clothing
+ A Peek Into the Pantry is AMAZING !! Perfect resource for American Girl Recipes ! LOVE LOVE ! Here is just one of the MANY recipes posted there. I also have tons of them all in one place on my KAYA Pinterest board. The website is a bit difficult to navigate .
+ Indian Fry Bread recipe…YUM!
+ Yam ‘Finger’ Cakes Recipe:
1 cup mashed sweet potatoes or yams
1 cup white flour
1 cup wheat flour
2 Tablespoons maple syrup
1 1/2 teaspoons salt
2 1/2 teaspoons baking powder
1/2 cup butter
1/2 cup milk
Preheat oven to *425. Sift together dry ingredients into a bowl. In another bowl, mash the yams and add oil & milk. Blend well. Add the liquid to the dry mixture & mix lightly until dough forms. Turn dough onto floured surface and knead gently until dough holds together. Form dough into a rectangle about 1/4 inch thick. Cut into strips. Pull off small pieces and form by gently squeezing each strip into the palm of your hand (thus finger cakes). Bake 8-10 minutes. Enjoy! 🙂
+ All kinds of games to play !!
– http://www.fs.usda.gov/detail/npnht/learningcenter/history-culture/?c id=stelprdb5312567
*Lewis & Clark Activities-
– One place with EVERYTHING
Also, be sure to follow my other American Girl Pages on Pinterest
for all kinds of additional ideas! Click —> HERE for Kaya’s Page.
*You can follow along our American History adventure with the next unit in this series,
*Other American Girl History Unit Studies:
+ Colonial America- Felicity Unit Study
+ Frontier America- Josefina Unit Study
+ Pioneer America- Kirsten Unit Study
+ Civil War America- Addy Unit Study
+ Turn of the Century America- Samantha Unit Study