FREE Ancient Rome Unit
Free World History Curriculum

Part 4:  Ancient Rome

Welcome back to the latest post on Free Ancient World History Plans !
This section will cover the beginning of Roman Empire, Julius Caesar, the eruption of Mount Vesuvius, Constantine, and lots more !    🙂
For an introduction to this curriculum and how you can adapt it to all your needs, start below with the first post in this series-
 “Free Chronological World History Plan” .
World History Plan (Teach all ages at once !)You can find the daily plans for the following as well-
Section 1:  Ancient Civilizations & the Old Testament
Section 2: Ancient Egypt  (includes Ancient China)
Section 3: Ancient Greece
Section 4: Ancient Rome
Section 5: The Middle Ages & the 
Renaissance


Be sure to follow my  Ancient History Pinterest Boards too !
I will be adding to them frequently.
* Ancient Civilizations Board
* Ancient Egypt Board
* Ancient Greece Board
* Ancient Rome Board
* Middle Ages Board
Lots of free ideas and activities to add to these units.

If you have ANY QUESTIONS  at all, I’d love to hear from you !
You can either comment at the bottom of this post or you can email me at
[email protected]
Enjoy !

–>  This post contains affiliate links.  There will NOT be any additional charge to you if you click to Amazon through these links, but I will make a small commission if you do!  So thanks ahead for supporting my work !  🙂

*Ancient Rome

1. Beginning of Roman Empire/Romulus Story       (753 BC)
2. Romans Overthrow Etruscans                                    (509  BC)
3. Punic Wars                                                                           (264-146 BC)
4. Julius Caesar                                                                      ( 45 BC)
5. Augustus                                                                               ( 27 BC)
6. The Colosseum                                                                  ( 69-79 BC)
7. Mount Vesuvius Erupts                                                   ( 79 BC)
8. Constantine                                                                         ( 306 AD)
9. Fall of the Roman Empire                                              ( 476 AD)

*Overview of Lessons for this section:

*Week 1–  The Republic of Rome & Emperors
*Week 2-  Roman Culture
*Week 3- The People and Places of Rome
*Week 4- Explore It !  Week
(explanation at beginning of plans for this week)
*Week 5-  Read & Enjoy !
*Week 6-  Notebook It ! Week/ Show What You Know Week
(explanation at beginning of plans for this week)

*Objectives:

+ Be able to sequence ancient Rome cards (and OT/Egypt & Greece cards)
+ Be able to tell at least 3 facts about each card
+ Be able to describe the geography of Italy including terms we’ve studied
+ Be able to locate Italy on a map and the other areas under Roman Rule (Britain, Egypt,
Turkey, and Spain).
+ Be able to find the Mediterranean Sea and the Adriatic Sea.
+ Be able to define:
– emperor      -republic       -tunic/toga/stola       -aqueduct       -forum       -amphitheater
-gladiator       -papyrus       -gymnasium                -fable                 -rhetoric  -legion/century
-governor       -procurator  -Colosseum                 -Patricians/Plebeians    -mosaic
-apprentice   -stylus             -aqueduct                    -amphorae      -The Senate
+ Be able to describe what the government was like and name some of the well known leaders of this period.
+ Be familiar with and be able to discuss the Punic War and also the  war with the Carthaginians.
+Be able to describe what a day in the life of a child living in ancient Rome would be like
+ Be able to recognize art from this period & discuss what sets it apart from other ancient art we’ve learned about
+ Be able to tell who Paul was and some of the other New Testament believers who influenced the history of Rome.
+ Add at least one page per event to your binder
(be sure you are including important people and the arts!)

**NOTE:  Below is an outline of reading/activities for a three day schedule.  You could easily change this to 5 days by adding in some great hands on activities, if it fits your needs better.  Imagine doing Art/Discovery Projects on the other two “off” days that are related to the era… creating your own Roman amphitheatre, or your own Roman shield, or cooking your very own Roman feast !  The possibilities are endless and so much FUN !!!  These are the kind of projects that will make MEMORIES !   Kind of like the time a mummy showed up at our Thanksgiving table  😀    If you missed that, you can read about it  HERE .  I think we talk about this pretty much every year (it happened when my now 25 year old son was about 4)!   lol

I will include the names and links to the books  used in these lessons  at the bottom of this page !  Those several books are all that is required for these lessons, but you may enjoy the other suggestions too 🙂
We read many GREAT historical fiction books for “Language Arts” during this study.  This is a great way to have lots of time to ENJOY reading and cover two “subject areas” at once.  It also makes these lessons super easy to use for ALL YOUR CHILDREN!   I believe in keeping a basket full of books of various reading levels on the topic somewhere where your children will spot them.  That way, the littles can look through the pictures of the books that are above their reading level, and the bigs can quickly read through many of the books that are easier for them.

**UPDATE:  For conveinence, I am making separate posts just for the “extra” books that add to the fun of these studies.  You can click below for the book lists for the following studies:
Middle Ages & the Renaissance
Ancient Rome Book List
Ancient Greece Book List
Ancient Egypt Book List 
Ancient Civilizations & the Old Testament Book List

Teaching All Ages At Once-
The  lessons I have written in this series are meant to be self directed for middle school ages .  But if you are using this for multiple ages like I did, I simply read the Story of the World (in this particular unit, I used “Augustus Caesar’s World mostly) out loud, as well as our Bible study, and some of the other historical fiction at times.  I have included a few “extra” books at the bottom of this page for much younger readers and they can always be included in the hands on activities.  Classical Kids:  An Activity Guide to Life in Ancient Greece & Rome for Kids is my favorite for ideas that can be leveled up or made a bit more simple, but enjoyed by all!!   My “little” often colored pages to put in her own timeline binder while I read aloud!  I was amazed at how much she absorbed just by listening !!   They are great to add in to the timeline binders for the big kids as well 🙂

PHEW!  FINALLY !
So…HERE WE GO !

*Vocabulary-
+amphitheater     +amphorae     +aqueduct     +centurion     +consuls     +empire     +forum     +legion                     +magistrate    +patrician      +plebeian       +republic    +senate      +stola
+soothsayer           +tribune           +stylus            +toga                 +druid         +basilica

*People & Places-
+Mark Antony      +Augustus     +barbarians     +Julius Caesar     +Carthage     +colosseum
+Hadrian               +Hannibal     +Pompeii           +Vesuvius              +Romulus & Remus
+Hercules             +Agrippa        +Cicero               +Cyprus                  +Gaius             +Virgil
+Cyprus                 +Standard-bearer

*NOTE:  If you’d like to use the Bible as an additional text for this study here are some corresponding Scriptures and historical references below.   Also, my absolute favorite  Bible resource for studying this time period is The Victor Journey Through the Bible.

I highly recommend it for the whole family! Seriously, it could easily be the core Bible outline for all of the ancient history units alone.  It ties together historical and cultural events, notable people, and geography of ancient places into small bites that are easy to make sense of.   I love, love, LOVE this book !

This   Chronological Illustrated Bible is really helpful in pulling Scripture and other world events all into one chronological story !

**The dates below are “ish”.  Historians often disagree on some of these dates.   So all dates are “ish”.
NOTE: “ish” is a very technical term meaning somewhere in that area of time.

1. Luke 2 and Acts 25 (25:21)                   <45-14 AD>

2. John the Baptist                                      < Tiberius Caesar/Pilate/Herod>
<6-4 BC>
(Malachi 3:1; 4:5; Luke 1:5-25; 38-80; Matthew 3:1-12;  Luke 3:1-18; Mark 6)

3.  Jesus’ Birth                                               < around 4 BC >
(Luke 1:26-38;  Luke 2;  Matthew 3: 23-17; 4:1-11;  )

4. Jesus’Death & Resurrection            <Augustus/Colosseum/Mt. Vesuvius>
<Rome conquers Britain  >
<30-79 AD>
(Mark 15-16; Matthew 27)

5. Pentecost (Acts 2)                                < 30 AD >

6. Paul’s Conversion                               < 34 AD >
(Acts 9:1-31)

7. Paul’s Journeys    (Acts 13-28)        < 46 -67 AD >

7.  Book of James Written                     < 50 AD >

8.  Christian Persecution                    < Pompeii/Destruction of Jerusalem/Nero >
<63 AD >


*WEEK 1 :  The Republic of Rome & Emperors

*Day 1-

+Watch
-“ Ancient Rome 101”   (National Geographic… 5 minutes)
AND/OR
“Life in Ancient Rome”   (25 minutes)

– “Meet the Romans”    (BBC Documentary…58 minutes)
This is a whole BBC series about Rome and it’s people, by Mary Beard.  She is very
interesting to listen to, but these videos are probably more suitable for older (or younger but true Rome enthusiasts) children.
**NOTE:  You may like to start this video at the 5:00 minute mark as there are a few
questionable (adult) comments to begin.  AND as always, please check out all
suggested materials to be sure they meet your standards.  🙂

– You may also enjoy listening to “The Story of the Romans” audio recording as you work through this unit.  It’s a so-so quality recording (LibriVox), but the book is quite interesting.  Might make for some good car school .   🙂

+Read at least one of the following-
Roman Emperors in a Nutshell
Overview of Roman Government
Government Under the Roman Republic


*Day 2-

+Read-
–  “What Was Life Like in Ancient Rome”
– “The Ancient Romans”    p. 4-9
– “Augustus Caesar’s World”    p. 10-18

+ Watch
THIS  short introduction to the Romulus & Remus story
Drive Thru History (2 minutes)
**NOTE:  I have included several short excerpts from the Drive Thru History DVD,
“Rome If You Want To”.   If you’d prefer to purchase the whole DVD, it’s very good !

+ Write
– Add this section’s vocabulary words to history notebook (in vocabulary section)

*Day 3-

+Read-
– “The Ancient Romans”   p. 10-13;  54-57
– “Augustus Caesar’s World”    p. 19-26  (top)

+Watch-
–  “Rome If You Want To”  -Caesar Augustus-  Drive Thru History  (about 2 minutes)


*WEEK 2 : Roman Culture

*Day 1-

+Read-
– “The Ancient Romans”  p. 14-19;  34-37
– “Augustus Caesar’s World”    p. 29-34
–  Roman Entertainment:  The Theatre, The Colosseum, The Baths, The Games

+Watch-
–  “Roman Society and Political Structure”   (not as bad as it sounds 🙂  About 5 mins)

*Day 2-

+Read-
– “The Ancient Romans”   p. 24-33
–  “Augustus Caesar’s World”    p. 35-40
–  Daily Life in Ancient Rome

+Watch-
–  “Growing Up Roman”  (5 minutes)
AND/OR
 “Daily Life in Rome”    (3 minutes)

*Day 3-

+Read-
– “The Ancient Romans”  p. 20-23;  38-39
–  “Augustus Caesar’s World”    p.56-58;  63-65;  159-165

+Watch-
Introduction to Ancient Rome  (Looking for a Place to Live in Ancient Rome- 4 minutes)

*WEEK 3 :  The People and Places of Rome

*Day 1-

+Read-
–  “Augustus Caesar’s World”    p. 66-70;  91-96;  100-101;  108-111
–  Julius Caesar

+Watch-
–  “History vs. Cleopatra”   (about 4 minutes)
AND/OR
–  “Julius Caesar & Brutus”   (Kid History-  4 minutes)

*Day 2-

+Read-
–  “Augustus Caesar’s World”    p. 133-136;  152-154;  177-182
–  Hannibal and the Punic Wars
–  Cicero

+Watch-
–  “Herodian Empire”  (Drive Thru History Excerpt-  2 minutes)

+Write-
– People & Places Vocabulary
You should find them from your reading…if not, try looking  HERE  OR   HERE

*Day 3-

+Read-
– “Augustus Caesar’s World”    p.  186-194;  277-279;  315-316;  320-325
Pax Romana
–  The Fall of Rome

+Watch-
–  “The Siege of Jerusalem”   (14 minutes)
**This series has 4 parts if you’d like to watch more.   The map visuals are very good in
these videos.  Helps to put things in perspective.
OR
–  “Rome and Jerusalem at War”  (18 minutes)
**NOTE !!  This video, while not graphic, includes some clear descriptions of Nero’s
persecutions.  You may want to preview before watching.


*WEEK 4 : Explore It !  Week

*Day 1-  Explore More – Online  !
(Choose several choices below that sound fun to explore more!)

“How Did the Ancient Romans Change Britain (and the World)?”
Ancient Romans Online !  (interactive games)
Everything Ancient Rome for Kids
– Food, Games & Entertainment in Ancient Rome  (5 minutes)
(Click on ‘Things to Think About’ before you watch this short video !!)
– Play Discover the Romans virtual games
Things It’s Best to Say in Latin
Explore Ancient Rome for Kids 
What was Life Like in Ancient Rome ?

*Day 2 and 3- Hands On!  Try It !  
(Choose several choices below that sound fun to try!)

Make a Roman Mosaic
Make a Model Roman Villa
–  Make Roman Honey Cookies
Make a Roman Board Game  (a version of Tic-Tac-Toe)
–  Make Your Own Roman Imperial Helmet   (printable templates)
Ancient Rome Coloring Pages
Try making a Roman Catapult !
Ancient Roman Costume

*Week 5: Read and Enjoy It !  Week

*Day 1- Day 3

*Book Suggestions:  (You can find others on the Ancient Rome Booklist  HERE as well)
– “Mystery of the Roman Ransom”  and  “Detectives in Togas
– “Fountain of Life
– “The Bronze Bow

*Note:   You may like to require more this week. My idea behind having a week like this, is that my children would be able to JUST READ !   No strings attached.    It would be a great week to start on the pages for notebooks as well (see Week 6).  The reading might fire up some pretty creative ideas for notebook pages too!

*Week 6 –  Notebook It ! Week/ Show What You Know Week
(explanation at beginning of plans for this week)

*Day 1-

+Make a cover page for this section to add to your binder.  Be sure to put a line across the bottom of the page and note our “beginning date”.

+Make a page for each of the 9 sections (see below).
This can be print outs, coloring sheets, or hand written pages.  BE CREATIVE!
Just the heading and the line need to be done for each page today.
(Again, be sure to add the timeline date line at the bottom of each page)

1. Beginning of Roman Empire/Romulus Story       (753 BC)
2. Romans Overthrow Etruscans                                    (509  BC)
3. Punic Wars                                                                           (264-146 BC)
4. Julius Caesar                                                                      ( 45 BC)
5. Augustus                                                                               ( 27 BC)
6. The Colosseum                                                                  ( 69-79 BC)
7. Mount Vesuvius Erupts                                                   ( 79 BC)
8. Constantine                                                                         ( 306 AD)
9. Fall of the Roman Empire                                              ( 476 AD)

*Day 2-

+Add information for each of the 9 pages you made on Day 1.
You may write things you can remember…quotes…draw pictures, etc.
Add in any of the activities you tried on the proper page :
Roman dress, Recipes or description of the meal you cooked, etc.
You also could use main ideas from the reading
(cut & paste pictures, bubble notes, or bullet points…)
You can find an entire Notebooking Ancient Rome printable pack   HERE 
from Homeschool Share .
Ancient Rome Coloring Pages 

*Day 3-
+ Review the 9 index cards.
+ Do a Candy Quiz on these today !
+ These free printable Ancient Rome cards  (from researchparent.com)  and these Ancient Rome Historical Figure cards would be great to add to your notebook or to use as a review !

*COMING UP NEXT:
Free World History Curriculum
Part 5:  The Middle Ages & the Renaissance

–>  Below are affiliate links.  There will NOT be any additional charge to you if you click to Amazon through these links, but I will make a small commission if you do !  So thanks ahead for supporting my work !  🙂

*BOOKS/RESOURCES  LIST  (2 Core Books)
*Be sure to look at “other sellers” for the used (MUCH cheaper) version of “The Ancient Romans” book below.
 

*Other Recommended Ancient World History Resources (Just for Fun!)     *This is a brief list of some “extras” for this unit.  I will post a separate book list of all my favorites separately.

 

**REMEMBER:
Be sure to follow my Ancient History Pinterest Boards.

I will be adding to them frequently !
* Ancient Civilizations Board
* Ancient Egypt Board
* Ancient Greece Board
* Ancient Rome Board
* Middle Ages Board
Lots of free ideas and activities to add to these units.

And be sure to check out my full list of ABSOLUTE FAVORITE living books and resources for making ancient world history come ALIVE !!
Middle Ages Book List

Ancient Rome Book List
Ancient Greece Book List
Ancient Egypt Book List 
Ancient Civilizations & the Old Testament Book List

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